Federal Court Issues Interesting Post-Zepeda Indian Status Decision

Here are the materials in United States v. Loera (D. Ariz.):

7 Loera Opening Brief

16 Loera Revised Opening Brief

24 US Response

25 Reply

26 DCT Order

An excerpt:

Loera does not meet the first two and most important factors of Bruce’s second prong. And while evidence supports finding that he did satisfy the third and fourth Bruce factors, the Government has successfully demonstrated that Loera’s satisfaction of those factors is weak. In the end, accounting for the descending level of importance given to each Bruce factor, and viewing the evidence in the light most favorable to the Government, a rational trier of fact could have found beyond a reasonable doubt that Loera does not qualify as an Indian. See Cruz, 554 F.3d at 844. Accordingly, the Court affirms the decision of the magistrate court below; the exercise of federal jurisdiction over this case was appropriate pursuant to § 1152.


Federal Court Dismisses Federal Assault Indictment — Denies Effort to Assimilate State Law

Here is the opinion in United States v. Kydney (D. Neb.):

DCT Order Dismissing Count I of Indictment

An excerpt:

Even if the threatened crime of violence were simple assault under federal law, the same analysis would hold true. The Nebraska third-degree assault crime is the statutory corollary to the common-law crime of simple assault. Under both Nebraska and Federal law, simple assault is a misdemeanor and the elements are similar.