Top 25 Most-Cited Federal Indian Law/Tribal Law Articles

Just for fun, here they are (with no. of cites in parens):

  1. (220) Nell Jessup Newton, Federal Power over Indians: Its Sources, Scope, and Limitations, 132 U. Pa. L. Rev. 195 (1984)
  2. (209) Robert A. Williams, Jr., The Algebra of Federal Indian Law: The Hard Trail of Decolonizing and Americanizing the White Man’s Indian Jurisprudence, 1986 Wis. L. Rev. 219
  3. (192) Judith Resnik, Dependent Sovereigns: Indian Tribes, States, and the Federal Courts, 56 U. Chi. L. Rev. 671 (1989)
  4. (192) Philip P. Frickey, Marshalling Past and Present: Colonialism, Constitutionalism, and Interpretation in Federal Indian Law, 107 Harv. L. Rev. 381 (1993)
  5. (169) Reid Peyton Chambers, Judicial Enforcement of the Federal Trust Responsibility to Indians, 27 Stan. L. Rev. 1213 (1975)
  6. (148) David H. Getches, Conquering the Cultural Frontier: The New Subjectivism of the Supreme Court in Indian Law, 84 Cal. L. Rev. 1573 (1996)
  7. (147) Judith V. Royster, The Legacy of Allotment, 27 Ariz. St. L.J. 1 (1995)
  8. (146) Philip P. Frickey, Congressional Intent, Practical Reasoning, and the Dynamic Nature of Federal Indian Law, 78 Cal. L. Rev. 1137 (1990)
  9. (144) Philip P. Frickey, A Common Law for Our Age of Colonialism: The Judicial Divestiture of Indian Tribal Authority over Nonmembers, 109 Yale L.J. 1 (1999)
  10. (141) Joseph William Singer, Sovereignty and Property, 86 Nw. U. L. Rev. 1 (1991)
  11. (139) Sarah H. Cleveland, Powers Inherent in Sovereignty: Indians, Aliens, Territories, and the Nineteenth Century Origins of Plenary Power over Foreign Affairs, 81 Tex. L. Rev. 1 (2002)
  12. (125) Robert A. Williams, Jr., Encounters on the Frontiers of International Human Rights Law: Redefining the Terms of Indigenous Peoples’ Survival in the World, 1990 Duke L.J. 660
  13. (123) David H. Getches, Beyond Indian Law: The Rehnquist Court’s Pursuit of States’ Rights, Color-Blind Justice, and Mainstream Values, 86 Minn. L. Rev. 267 (2001)
  14. (120) Mary Christina Wood, Indian Land and the Promise of Native Sovereignty: The Trust Doctrine Revisited, 1994 Utah L. Rev. 1471
  15. (119) Joseph C. Burke, The Cherokee Cases: A Study in Law, Politics, and Morality, 21 Stan L. Rev. 500 (1969)
  16. (110) Robert N. Clinton, Redressing the Legacy of Conquest: A Vision Quest for a Decolonized Federal Indian Law, 46 Ark. L. Rev. 77 (1993)
  17. (109) Robert N. Clinton, Isolated in Their Own Country: A Defense of Federal Protection of Indian Autonomy and Self-Government, 33 Stan. L. Rev. 979 (1981)
  18. (108) Stuart Minor Benjamin, Equal Protection and the Special Relationship: The Case of Native Hawaiians, 106 Yale L. J. 537 (1996)
  19. (106) Jack F. Trope & Walter R. Echo-Hawk, The Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act: Background and Legislative History, 24 Ariz. St. L. J. 35 (1992)
  20. (103) Gerald Torres & Kathryn Milun, Translating Tonnondido by Precedent and Evidence: The Mashpee Indian Case, 1990 Duke L. J. 625
  21. (99) Philip P. Frickey, Adjudication and Its Discontents: Coherence and Conciliation in Federal Indian Law, 110 Harv. L. Rev. 1754 (1997)
  22. (97) L. Scott Gould, The Consent Paradigm: Tribal Sovereignty at the Millennium, 96 Colum. L. Rev. 809 (1996)
  23. (97) Robert N. Clinton, There is No Federal Supremacy Clause for Indian Tribes, 34 Ariz. St. L. J. 113 (2002)
  24. (94) Robert N. Clinton, Tribal Courts and the Federal Union, 26 Willamette L. Rev. 841 (1990)
  25. (90) Siegfried Wiessner, Rights and Status of Indigenous Peoples: A Global Comparative and International Legal Analysis, 12 Harv. Hum. Rts. J. 57 (1999)
Honorable mention (and other notable articles):
  • (89) David C. Williams, The Borders of the Equal Protection Clause: Indians as Peoples, 38 UCLA L. Rev. 759 (1991)
  • (86) Gloria Valencia-Weber, Tribal Courts: Custom and Innovative Law, 24 N.M. L. Rev. 225 (1994)
  • (85) Allison M. Dussias, Geographically-Based and Membership-Based Views of Indian Tribal Sovereignty: The Supreme Court’s Changing Vision, 55 U. Pitt. L. Rev. 1 (1993)
  • (84) Mary Christina Wood, Protecting the Attributes of Native Sovereignty: A New Trust Paradigm for Federal Actions Affecting Tribal Lands and Resources, 1995 Utah L. Rev. 109
  • (83) Note, In Defense of Tribal Sovereign Immunity, 95 Harv. L. Rev. 1058 (1982)
  • (75) Philip P. Frickey, Domesticating Federal Indian Law, 81 Minn. L. Rev. 31 (1996)
  • (72) Robert Yazzie, “Life Comes from It”: Navajo Justice Concepts, 24 N.M. L. Rev. 175 (1994)
  • (70) Note, The Indian Bill of Rights and the Constitutional Status of Tribal Governments, 82 Harv. L. Rev. 1343 (1969)
  • (68) Nell Jessup Newton, Indian Claims in the Courts of the Conqueror, 41 Am. U. L. Rev. 753 (1992)
  • (67) Frank Pommersheim, The Crucible of Sovereignty: Analyzing Issues of Tribal Jurisdiction, 31 Ariz. L. Rev. 329 (1989)
  • (65) Sandra Day O’Connor, Lessons from the Third Sovereign: Indian Tribal Courts, 33 Tulsa L. J. 1 (1997)
Now you can quibble with lots of things about this “study.” Let it drift. What’s a federal Indian law/tribal law article? Why are books excluded? Charles Wilkinson is missing as a result. Or treatises, or casebooks? BTW, the numbers come from Westlaw. I’ll compare with Hein Online someday and see how that comes out (a couple from Carole Goldberg should make the list). Maybe we’ll do one of articles cited by courts or in briefs. Will be a short list….
I used a list generated by WL of all articles that used the phrases “Indian tribe” or “tribal court.”  If I missed any, think about how can it be an Indian law article if it doesn’t have either of those two phrases? Huh? 🙂
A few other comments. As one would expect, it helps to be published by law reviews of the top 10. We can expect Angela Riley and few others to make the list some day — it takes at least 10 years to make the list. Also, someone told me once not to use real long titles for your articles or else no one would cite them. Must be relatively new advice, since most of the top 10 articles have super-long titles. 🙂
How about articles published in the last 5 years? (self-serving, I kn0w)
  1. (45) Kevin K. Washburn, American Indians, Crime, and the Law, 104 Mich. L. Rev. 709 (2006)
  2. (38) Matthew L. M. Fletcher, The Supreme Court and Federal Indian Policy, 85 Neb. L. Rev. 121 (2006)
  3. (34) Alex Tallchief Skibine, Redefining the Status of Indian Tribes within “Our Federalism”: Beyond the Dependency Paradigm, 38 Conn. L. Rev. 667 (2006)
  4. (34) Angela R. Riley, Good (Native) Governance, 107 Colum. L. Rev. 1049 (2007)
  5. (32) Angela R. Riley, (Tribal) Sovereignty and Illiberalism, 95 Cal. L. Rev. 799 (2007)
  6. (29) Kevin K. Washburn, Federal Criminal Law and Tribal Self-Determination, 84 N.C. L. Rev. 779 (2006)
  7. (21) Carole Goldberg & Duane Champagne, Is Public Law 280 Fit for the Twenty-First Century? Some Data at Last, 38 Conn. L. Rev. 697 (2006)
  8. (21) Kristen A. Carpenter, Sonia K. Katyal, and Angela R. Riley, In Defense of Property, 118 Yale L. J. 1022 (2009)
  9. (21) Joseph William Singer, Nine-Tenths of the Law: Title, Possession & Sacred Obligations, 38 Conn. L. Rev. 605 (2006)
  10. (20) Matthew L.M. Fletcher, Bringing Balance to Indian Gaming, 44 Harv. J. on Legis. 39 (2007)

3 thoughts on “Top 25 Most-Cited Federal Indian Law/Tribal Law Articles

  1. Ben Tsali Hendricks August 8, 2011 / 3:37 pm

    Interesting list. Are there any current studies of the before and after results of tribal constitutional reform, in on-Reservation terms of: 1) independent and tribal economic development, 2) social stats and 3) the prosecution of white collar crimes?

    Ben Tsali Hendricks, Ft Apache

    Fort Apache

  2. August 9, 2011 / 12:50 pm

    Timing is everything – or so I am told.

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