Results of Indian Law and Order Commission Recommendations Condorcet Ranking Poll

1. Establish permanent and recurring federal funding system for Indian country criminal justice activities  (Condorcet winner: wins contests with all other choices)
2. Congressional overturning of Venetie on Alaska Indian country  loses to Establish permanent and recurring federal funding system for Indian country criminal justice activities by 21–13
3. Allow tribes to opt-out of ICRA sentencing limitations  loses to Establish permanent and recurring federal funding system for Indian country criminal justice activities by 20–15
4. Fund criminal jurisdiction activities of tribes in PL280 states  loses to Establish permanent and recurring federal funding system for Indian country criminal justice activities by 21–12, loses to Allow tribes to opt-out of ICRA sentencing limitations by 19–16
5. Establish U.S. Court of Indian Appeals  loses to Establish permanent and recurring federal funding system for Indian country criminal justice activities by 24–12, loses to Fund criminal jurisdiction activities of tribes in PL280 states by 19–17
6. Affirm inherent criminal jurisdiction of Alaska Native tribal governments  loses to Establish permanent and recurring federal funding system for Indian country criminal justice activities by 23–11, loses to Establish U.S. Court of Indian Appeals by 19–14
7. Allow Alaska Native communities to participate in VAWA tribal jurisdiction  loses to Establish permanent and recurring federal funding system for Indian country criminal justice activities by 24–11, loses to Establish U.S. Court of Indian Appeals by 19–14
8. Encourage public safety cooperative agreements between states and tribes  loses to Establish permanent and recurring federal funding system for Indian country criminal justice activities by 26–10, loses to Allow Alaska Native communities to participate in VAWA tribal jurisdiction by 20–16
9. Equal federal funding for tribal jails  loses to Establish permanent and recurring federal funding system for Indian country criminal justice activities by 25–9, loses to Encourage public safety cooperative agreements between states and tribes by 20–14
10. Amend ICWA to require tribal notice in juvenile delinquency cases  loses to Establish permanent and recurring federal funding system for Indian country criminal justice activities by 26–7, loses to Equal federal funding for tribal jails by 20–13
11. Fix Indian country data deficits  loses to Establish permanent and recurring federal funding system for Indian country criminal justice activities by 26–10, loses to Amend ICWA to require tribal notice in juvenile delinquency cases by 20–13
12. Establish single Indian country component in Dept. of Justice  loses to Establish permanent and recurring federal funding system for Indian country criminal justice activities by 25–8, loses to Fix Indian country data deficits by 19–16
13. Enhance authority of tribal judges to subpoena federal law enforcement officers  loses to Establish permanent and recurring federal funding system for Indian country criminal justice activities by 27–9, loses to Amend ICWA to require tribal notice in juvenile delinquency cases by 21–14
14. Alter “Indian country” definition to include Alaska Native allotments and townsites  loses to Establish permanent and recurring federal funding system for Indian country criminal justice activities by 25–11, loses to Enhance authority of tribal judges to subpoena federal law enforcement officers by 18–16
15. Tied:
Amend ANSCA to allow transfer of lands to tribal governments  loses to Establish permanent and recurring federal funding system for Indian country criminal justice activities by 26–11, loses to Alter “Indian country” definition to include Alaska Native allotments and townsites by 18–10
Encourage federal public defenders to establish special Indian country defender program  loses to Establish permanent and recurring federal funding system for Indian country criminal justice activities by 23–14, loses to Alter “Indian country” definition to include Alaska Native allotments and townsites by 19–14
17. Equal federal funding to tribal juvenile justice programs  loses to Establish permanent and recurring federal funding system for Indian country criminal justice activities by 24–9, loses to Amend ANSCA to allow transfer of lands to tribal governments by 19–14
18. Equal federal funding and assistance for tribal reentry and alternatives to incarceration programs  loses to Establish permanent and recurring federal funding system for Indian country criminal justice activities by 24–8, loses to Amend ANSCA to allow transfer of lands to tribal governments by 20–14
19. Require federal and state law enforcement to notify tribes when arresting tribal citizens in Indian country  loses to Establish permanent and recurring federal funding system for Indian country criminal justice activities by 27–7, loses to Equal federal funding and assistance for tribal reentry and alternatives to incarceration programs by 16–13
20. Allow tribes to opt-out of federal criminal jurisdiction  loses to Establish permanent and recurring federal funding system for Indian country criminal justice activities by 27–9, loses to Require federal and state law enforcement to notify tribes when arresting tribal citizens in Indian country by 15–13
21. Require tribal consent to federal prosecution of tribal member juveniles  loses to Establish permanent and recurring federal funding system for Indian country criminal justice activities by 26–7, loses to Require federal and state law enforcement to notify tribes when arresting tribal citizens in Indian country by 14–13
22. Establish preference for community based solutions to juvenile justice problems  loses to Establish permanent and recurring federal funding system for Indian country criminal justice activities by 28–6, loses to Require federal and state law enforcement to notify tribes when arresting tribal citizens in Indian country by 15–14
23. Enhance authority of special Indian country AUSAs  loses to Establish permanent and recurring federal funding system for Indian country criminal justice activities by 27–8, loses to Establish preference for community based solutions to juvenile justice problems by 19–12
24. Encourage federal judges to increasing Indian country presence  loses to Establish permanent and recurring federal funding system for Indian country criminal justice activities by 29–6, loses to Enhance authority of special Indian country AUSAs by 17–12
25. Require state and federal juvenile justice systems to maintain proper records and allow tracking of tribal youth  loses to Establish permanent and recurring federal funding system for Indian country criminal justice activities by 28–6, loses to Encourage federal judges to increasing Indian country presence by 17–12
26. Condition Byrnes and COPS grants on state and local cooperation with tribes  loses to Establish permanent and recurring federal funding system for Indian country criminal justice activities by 29–3, loses to Encourage federal judges to increasing Indian country presence by 14–13
27. Authorize tribal opt-out of federal Indian country juvenile jurisdiction  loses to Establish permanent and recurring federal funding system for Indian country criminal justice activities by 25–7, loses to Condition Byrnes and COPS grants on state and local cooperation with tribes by 16–11
28. Amend Major Crimes Act, General Crimes Act, and PL280 to require tribal participation in federal and state prosecutions of tribal citizens  loses to Establish permanent and recurring federal funding system for Indian country criminal justice activities by 25–7, loses to Authorize tribal opt-out of federal Indian country juvenile jurisdiction by 13–10
29. Enhance intergovernmental cooperation for native youth  loses to Establish permanent and recurring federal funding system for Indian country criminal justice activities by 29–5, loses to Amend Major Crimes Act, General Crimes Act, and PL280 to require tribal participation in federal and state prosecutions of tribal citizens by 15–12
30. Allow tribal participation in federal or state prosecutions of tribal citizens  loses to Establish permanent and recurring federal funding system for Indian country criminal justice activities by 29–5, loses to Enhance intergovernmental cooperation for native youth by 15–13
31. Require federal, state, and tribal notice on offender reentry  loses to Establish permanent and recurring federal funding system for Indian country criminal justice activities by 29–4, loses to Allow tribal participation in federal or state prosecutions of tribal citizens by 14–12
32. Commission a study on creating a special federal magistrate program  loses to Establish permanent and recurring federal funding system for Indian country criminal justice activities by 28–6, loses to Require federal, state, and tribal notice on offender reentry by 16–11