Here are the materials in Mattwaoshshe v. United States (D.D.C.):
Not that it would matter much in this issue, but I can’t help but point out of the more anomalously interpreted Indian law statutes of all time is briefly discussed in this opinion. Here is the law, 25 U.S.C. sec. 175:
In all States and Territories where there are reservations or allotted Indians the United States attorney shall represent them in all suits at law and in equity.
Seems pretty clear, eh? No chance. 🙂 Yet another example of the word “shall” being interpreted as the exact opposite of its meaning. . . .