ILPC Victoria Sweet on The Human Trafficking of Indigenous Women in the Circumpolar Region of the United States and Canada

Our own Victoria Sweet has posted her newest paper, “Rising Waters, Rising Threats: The Human Trafficking of Indigenous Women in the Circumpolar Region of the United States and Canada.”

Here is the abstract:

Among indigenous people around the world, human trafficking is taking a tremendous toll. While trafficking is not an exclusively indigenous issue, disproportionately large numbers of indigenous people, particularly women, are modern trafficking victims. In Canada, several groups concerned about human trafficking have conducted studies primarily focused on the sex trade because many sex workers are actually trafficking victims under both domestic and international legal standards. These studies found that First Nations women and youth represent between 70 and 90% of the visible sex trade in areas where the Aboriginal population is less than 10%. Very few comparable studies have been conducted in the United States, but studies in both Minnesota and Alaska found similar statistics among U.S. indigenous women.

With the current interest in resource extraction, and other opportunities in the warming Arctic, people from outside regions are traveling north in growing numbers. This rise in outside interactions increases the risk that the indigenous women may be trafficked. Recent crime reports from areas that have had an influx of outsiders such as Williston, North Dakota, U.S. and Fort McMurray, Alberta, Canada, both part of the new oil boom, demonstrate the potential risks that any group faces when people with no community accountability enter an area. The combination of development in rural locations, the demographic shift of outsiders moving to the north, and the lack of close monitoring in this circumpolar area is a potential recipe for disaster for indigenous women in the region. This paper suggests that in order to protect indigenous women, countries and indigenous nations must acknowledge this risk and plan for ways to mitigate risk factors.

Arctic Law Symposium Articles Available Online

Articles from the 2013 Arctic Law Symposium held at Michigan State University College of Law have been published in the Michigan State International Law Review. Included in this volume are several articles specifically addressing how Indigenous peoples may be impacted by the current changes and developments in the region including:

Closing the Citizenship Gap in Canada’s North: Indigenous Rights, Arctic Sovereignty, and Devolution in Nunavut
Tony Penikett and Adam Goldenberg

Risk, Rights and Responsibility: Navigating Corporate Responsibility and Indigenous Rights in Greenlandic Extractive Industry Development
Rutherford Hubbard

Legal Questions Regarding Mineral Exploration and Exploitation in Indigenous Areas
Susann Funderud Skogvang

Permanent Sovereignty over Natural Resources from a Human Rights Perspective: Natural Resources Exploitation and Indigenous Peoples’ Rights in the Arctic
Dorothée Cambou and Stefaan Smis

Climate Change, Indigenous Peoples and the Arctic: The Changing Horizon of International Law
Sumudu Atapattu

Link to the the full issue here.

Link to previous coverage here.

Lillian Aponte Miranda on Indigenous Land Rights under International Law

Lillian Aponte Miranda (FIU) has published “The Hybrid State-Corporate Enterprise and Violations of Indigenous Land Rights: Theorizing Corporate Responsibility and Accountability under International Law” in the Lewis & Clark Law Review.

From the abstract:

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