Federal Court Dismisses Gaming Developer’s Contract Breach Claim Arising from Failed Lansing Casino Proposal

Here are the materials in JLLJ Development LLC v. Kewadin Casinos Gaming Authority (W.D. Mich.):

21 Reply

32 DCT Order re Subject Matter Jurisdiction

34 JLLJ Brief re Subject Matter Jurisdiction

35 Kewadin Casinos Brief re Subject Matter Jurisdiction

39 DCT Order

Prior post with earlier briefs here.

Casino Development Firm Sues Sault Tribe over Lansing and Wayne County Gaming Proposals [updates]

Here is the complaint in JLLJ Development LLC v. Kewadin Casinos Gaming Authority (W.D. Mich.):



14-1 Gaming Authority Motion to Dismiss

19 Response

Column on Wayne County and ICWA in Chronicle for Social Change


Some notes.

It’s a federal requirement to inquire about a child’s tribal citizenship regardless of state law. There are eight states with comprehensive state ICWA laws (the article is missing California and Wisconsin), and that doesn’t count states that have incorporated the regulations into law (Louisiana) or have other elements of ICWA in their laws.

I know the lawyer he is referring to–s/he did not drive 300 miles for every hearing, but when no one would call the tribe back or answer the phone for a hearing s/he sure did.

ICWA is a remedial statute designed to change state practice, not tribal.

It might be worth mentioning that Michigan has twelve federally recognized tribes, and while the total population of Native children might be small, we are still putting Native children in foster care at disproportionate rates–that said, it’s difficult to tell given the issues with our data collection.

And finally, if you are wondering what ICWA/MIFPA inquiry looks like in Wayne County, here is a colloquy from an unpublished case four years ago:

The Court: All right, the petition is authorized. The children have been
placed with relatives. What else? I guess— is that it? Did anyone ever ask
is there any . . . American Indian heritage in this family? American Indian
Ms. Safran (attorney for respondent [parent]): Do you have any Indian heritage in your family?
The Court: Cherokee, Chippewa.
Ms. Safran: There might be some grand— on the grandmother’s side,
what was it? Some time— some type; attenuated.
Ms. Trott (attorney for petitioner [state]): Ms. Topp was told no at the
Ms. Safran: Well, we didn’t have all the parties.
Ms. Topp (case worker): I talked to [respondent], as well, in the police station[,] and I was told no.
Ms. Safran: She doesn’t think—
The Court:  You don’t have any kind— are you sure it’s American, or, any
idea what we’re talking about? I mean, what kind of Indian? Cherokees,
Chippewa? I mean, there’s a whole bunch.
Unidentified speaker: I don’t— I don’t know; I can ask.
The Court: And . . . what relative? Grandma? Great-grandma?
Ms. Safran:  Your Honor, can we get a date because . . . they want me in
[Judge] Slavens[’ courtroom] and I can’t believe it.
The Court:  ­You’ve got to wait just one second. All right, you can investigate and see. That’s pretty distant; great-grandma is pretty far back. So, I’m
not gonna demand that we send notice.
Ms. Trott: This is on the paternal side? Or maternal? Of which father?
The Court: On the mother’s side or father? It better be a maternal because
right now— all right. You have the right to have this heard by a referee as
to all the children . . . or by a judge with or without a jury, and, of course,
continued right to an attorney at all hearings. We’re setting this for trial?
Ms. Trott:  Yes.

In re Harrell, No. 316067, 2014 WL 465718, at *6-7 (Mich. Ct. App. Feb. 4, 2014)


Sault Tribe Huron Township, Wayne County Trust Application Documents


SSM Mandatory Trust Filing New Boston final 20140610

An excerpt:

The Sault Ste. Marie Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Michigan (the “Sault Tribe” or “Tribe”)  tenders this submission for a mandatory fee-to-trust acquisition of a parcel of land located  in Huron Charter Township, Wayne County, Michigan (the “Sibley Parcel” or “Parcel”)  under an existing contract of purchase. The Parcel is a 71 acre parcel of land located within  2 miles of other land currently owned by the Tribe in Huron Charter Township.

The Tribe will acquire the Parcel using interest or other income generated by the Tribe’s Self-Sufficiency Fund, established pursuant to section 108 of the Michigan Indian Land Claims Settlement Act (“MILCSA”), Pub. L. No. 105-143, 111 Stat. 2652 (1997). Under Section 108(f) of MILCSA, “[a]ny lands acquired using amounts from interest or other income of the Self-Sufficiency Fund shall be held in trust by the Secretary for the benefit of the [Sault] Tribe.” 111 Stat. at 2661-2662. The Secretary is thus required to accept the Parcel in trust.

Ex 1 Purchase & Sale – Sibley Final Executed

Ex 2 Title Commitment & Proposed Warranty Deed

Ex 3 Tribal Resolution 2012-250 & 2013-138

Ex 4 Legal Description & Survey

Ex 5 Location Map

Ex 6 Affidavit of CFO Connolly – Sibley