Claremont Graduate University American Indian Education Program

Claremont Native American Fellowship Program – School of Educational Studies

Applications being accepted now for a cohort starting in August 2022

Full funding & living support for Native Americans to earn their California K-12 teaching credential & MA in Education in as little as 12 months.

Post-graduation mentorship while CNA Fellow is meeting payback obligation by teaching in a school that serves a high population of Indian students.

Core online program works in conjunction with hands-on learning while CNA Fellow works in a school under guidance of a mentor teacher. Program can be completed from one’s home community.

See CNA Fellowship Program’s website or contact for more information.

NNO: ‘State of Michigan Fully Funds Michigan Indian Tuition Waiver with $12.7 Million’

Full article here.

“The MITW is a program enacted by Public Act 174 of 1976, which waives the tuition costs for eligible Native Americans in public community colleges or universities within Michigan. Up until 1995, the MITW was fully funded so that public state institutions will be reimbursed by the State of Michigan for tuition for Native American students who fulfilled the requirements. In 1995, then Michigan Governor John Engler sought to eliminate the program, but the state legislature overrode the governor’s decision with inadquate funding.

Tribal leaders have fought since the mid-1990s to have the program fully funded. After her election last November, Governor Whitmer made a commitment to tribal leaders she would put the MITW in her budget. She did so when she submitted her budget in February and the state legislature kept the line item to fund MITW in the budget.”


Roxanne Dunbar Ortiz: “The Miseducation of Native American Students”

In Education Week, here.

An excerpt:

While distortions and myths of Native American culture plague many schools, textbooks often fail to mention Native history after the 19th century. In a 2015 study, scholars Antonio Castro, Ryan Knowles, Sarah Shear, and Gregory Soden examined the state standards for teaching Native American history and culture in all 50 states and found that 87 percent of references to American Indians are in a pre-1900s context.

Who Won American Indian Law and Policy, 2014, Second Round, Bracket 2 of 4

Now we move on to the Category 2 quarterfinals.

#1 Indian Child Welfare Act v. #9 Indian country voting rights

The litigation and public policy juggernaut that is ICWA defeated federal Indian preemption(the previous generation’s juggernaut) with 64 percent of the vote. Indian country voting rights prevailed over Rule 19 with 62 percent of the vote. Where my Rule 19 peeps?

This one is an old-fashioned clash of civil rights.

#4 Indian gaming v. #5 Intra-tribal disputes

Indian gaming beat out internet gaming, barely, with only 90 percent of the vote. In a battle of bad news, intra-tribal disputes knocked out human trafficking with 2/3 of the vote.

Great match-up here. Can we have one without the other? Well, looking back at the ICRA cases of the 1970s, I’d say we don’t need much to generate intra-tribal disputes, heh heh.

#2 Tribal sovereign immunity v. #7 American Indian education

Sovereign immunity beat out alternative energy with 92 percent of the vote. Did it use a sword or a shield? Education, we all need, won with 63 percent; climate change, we don’t need it, was a no-show.

Which came first, immunity or the knowledge that sovereigns are immune? Bill Wood knows, I bet.

#3 VAWA v. #6 Tribal court exhaustion

VAWA took three-quarters of the vote from criminal sentencing. Can’t sentence without convicting first, right?Tribal court exhaustion won almost as easily, with 72 percent of the vote over the new general welfare legislation. Ironically, tribal court exhaustion is all about adjudicating even without jurisdiction. Now I’m confused.

Who Won Indian Law and Policy in 2014? First Round Bracket — 4 of 8

Whew, losing steam. Maybe finish round 1 tomorrow.

Here’s the second half of the Category 2 bracket.

# 2 Tribal sovereign immunity

Big winner in the Supreme Court.And perhaps SCOTUS has had its fill by denying some petitions, here, here (filed out of time), and here, and here.

Some other good cases for tribes: no waiver in gaming compact (California), and Minnesota, immunity from state tax foreclosures, immunity from third party subpoenas in federal court litigation, immunity of tribally owned payday lenders, and immunity from simple contract claims.

Some where tribal interests lost: waiver through removal to federal court, waiver by virtue of not being sufficiently governmental, waiver by Congress in Bankruptcy Act, waiver by purchase of insurance, no immunity of tribal governmental organizations, and no immunity from tribal court exhaustion.

And no, Western Sky is not immune from suit.


# 15 Alternative energy

Solar power is controversial at Colorado River Indian Tribes, and wind energy at Osage. So quit messing with mineral estates and sacred sites, please!

# 7 American Indian education

2014 was the 60th year since Brown v. Board, and so Indian law programs are hosting conferences on Indian education (MSU, Kansas, and now Arizona State but that’s 2015). Dept. of Education did a listening tour. Cobell money. BIE reorganizing.


# 10 Climate Change

Seems odd to seed this so low, but there’s no significant litigation out there pending (unless the Court grants cert in this), no administrative or legislative action. Depressing. There’s this:

Guidelines for Considering Traditional Knowledges in Climate Change Initiatives

UPDATE: Also, there’s this:

2014-12-24 FR CEQ NEPA draft climate effects guidance

# 3 Violence against Women Act

Good news in Alaska. Pascua going ahead full steam. Even Harvard paid attention. 2015 is when others can move ahead.


# 14 Indian criminal sentencing

Sentencing disparities are prevalent. USSG is paying attention. CA8 Judge Bright believes this issue to be the biggest issue he faces.

# 6 Tribal court exhaustion

A solid year for tribal court exhaustion. Penobscot. Thlopthlocco Tribal Town. Caddo. Rosebud Sioux, twice.


# 11 Tribal General Welfare Exclusion Act


New Scholarship on Montana Indian Students and the “Prison Pipeline”

Melina Angelos Healey has published “The School-to-Prison Pipeline Tragedy on Montana’s American Indian Reservations” in the NYU Review of Law & Social Change.

Here is the description:

American Indian  adolescents in Montana are caught in a school-to-prison pipeline. They are plagued with low academic achievement, high dropout, suspension and expulsion rates, and disproportionate contact with the juvenile and criminal justice systems.  This phenomenon has been well documented in poor, minority communities throughout the country. But it has received little attention with respect to the American Indian population in Montana, for whom the problem is particularly acute. Indeed, the pipeline is uniquely disturbing for American Indian youth in Montana because this same population has been affected by another heartbreaking and related trend: alarming levels of adolescent suicides and self-harm.

The statistical evidence and tragic stories recounted in this report demonstrate beyond doubt that American Indian children on the reservations and elsewhere in Montana are moving into the school-to-prison pipeline at an alarming and tragic rate. The suicides of so many children is cause for despair, and the complicity of the education system in those deaths, whether through deliberate actions or through inattention, is cause for serious self-reflection and remediation. This article has been written in the hope that the people of Montana, government officials at all levels, teachers and school administrators, and public interest lawyers will have some of the information they need to take action. Despair, prison, and untimely death should not and need not be the ending places of public education for our most vulnerable children.

Education Week Special Report on American Indian Education


Education Week just completed a special package on education in Indian Country. In addition to news stories from Pine Ridge and Morongo and a number of multimedia elements, they have also published Commentaries from four Native authors in collaboration with NIEA. They are illustrated by Brent Greenwood (Chickasaw/Ponca).