State of Alabama v. United States — Challenge to Class III Procedures

Following Texas’s successful challenge to the Class III procedures in the Fifth Circuit, Alabama is doing the same in the S.D. Ala. (part of the old 5th Circuit, now the 11th Circuit). This case involves the Poarch Band of Creek Indians.





Kickapoo v. Texas — US Recommends Cert Denial

In the Kickapoo Tribe’s petition for cert to the Supreme Court re: the Class III Procedures (i.e, the Seminole Tribe “fix”) that were invalidated by the Fifth Circuit, the United States (ostensibly on the same side as the Tribe) filed a brief opposing certiorari (here). The State of Texas had already declined to respond to the cert petition.

The government’s brief is an interesting read. First, the US says the Fifth Circuit was wrong on any number of points — namely, that the court incorrectly held that the case was ripe for decision (the procedures were not yet complete) and that the court incorrectly held that the Secretary was not authorized to issue the regulation in the first place. Second, the government says there is no reason to hear this case now, given that it would be a case of first impression for the Supreme Court (usually a death knell for cert petitions) and that the Fifth Circuit’s panel decision was split three ways.

If there was any doubt that the Kickapoo petition would be denied, this brief effectively dispels that doubt.

Tribal Amicus Brief Supporting Kickapoo v. Texas Cert Petition

Several tribes — Jena Band of Choctaw Indians, Alabama-Coushatta Tribe of Texas, Citizen Potawatomi Nation, Coquille Indian Tribe, Rincon Band of Luiseno Indians, Shoalwater Bay Indian Tribe, Spokane Tribe of Indians, Standing Rock Sioux Tribe — filed a joint amicus brief supporting the Kickapoo Tribe’s cert petition over the Secretarial procedures for establishing Class III gaming compacts, a rule struck down by the Fifth Circuit a few months ago. Here is the Tribal Amicus Brief. Here is the link to the Kickapoo cert petition. The State’s cert opposition is due later this month.

It is significant, of course, that the United States did not file a cert petition.

Kickapoo v. Texas Cert Petition

The petition is here. This case concerns the validity of25 CFR Part 291, the procedures established by the Secretary of the Interior to act as a “Seminole fix.”

There is no serious chance the Court will grant cert in this case, unless the United States also files a petition. Even then, this is a likely case of first impression, a death knell for cert petitions.

Really, I should get out of the certiorari prediction business….

Texas v. United States Materials (Corrected)

Here are the briefs in the Texas v. United States case re: the Class III Procedures.

Brief of Appellant

United States Brief

Kickapoo Brief

Reply Brief

The opinion is here: Opinion

Florida, the Seminoles, and the Class III Procedures

From Indianz:

Florida threatens suit over Class III procedures

Florida Attorney General Bill McCollum said he will sue the Interior Department if it issues Class III procedures for the Seminole Tribe. McCollum cited a 5th Circuit Court of Appeals decision that invalidated the Class III secretarial procedures. He said Interior can’t force a state to accept Class III gaming over the state’s objections. “They can put all they want in a letter to the governor, but I don’t think they can act on it,” McCollum told The Miami Herald. Interior says it will authorize the tribe to offer slot machines unless the state can reach a compact by November 15. The tribe and the state say they are near an agreement.

Get the Story:
State to sue feds if Seminole Tribe is given slots (The Miami Herald 11/8)