Four Cert Petitions Filed in Texas v. Haaland [Brackeen ICWA Case]

Today Texas, the individual plaintiffs, the Solicitor General, and the intervening tribal nations filed petitions for certiorari with the U.S. Supreme Court asking the Court to review the Fifth Circuit decision regarding the constitutionality of the Indian Child Welfare Act. There will be some additional briefing over the next 30 days, and then/eventually the Court will decide whether to hear the case or not.

The Indian Law Clinic at MSU Law represents the intervening tribes in this case.

Grand River Six Nations Enterprises Ltd. v. Boughton Cert Petition

Here:

GRE Six Nations Cert Petition

Questions presented:

1. Whether Connecticut impermissibly regulates or controls conduct beyond the boundaries of the State in violation of the dormant Commerce Clause when, as a condition of allowing a manufacturer’s products to be sold in the state, Connecticut forces the manufacturer to obtain and provide private sales and shipping information possessed by non-Connecticut distributors doing no business in Connecticut and having no nexus with Connecticut.

2. Whether Connecticut violates Due Process protections when it bans a manufacturer’s products from being sold in the state, if the manufacturer fails to obtain and provide to Connecticut private sales and shipping information possessed by non-Connecticut distributors relating to their distribution of products in jurisdictions other than Connecticut.

3. Whether Connecticut violates the Supremacy Clause when, as a condition of allowing a manufacturer’s products to be sold in the state, Connecticut forces the manufacturer to obtain and provide private sales and shipping information possessed by non-Connecticut distributors who conduct no business in Connecticut nor distribute the manufacturer’s products to, or in, Connecticut.

Lower court materials here.

Clay v. Commissioner of Internal Revenue [Federal Taxes on Gaming Per Capita Payments]

Here:

Cert Petition

Question presented:

The question presented is: Whether the clear language of Title 25 of the Code of Federal Regulations, and the exclusive authority over federally recognized Indian Tribes granted to the Secretary of Interior under 25 U.S.C. § 2, controls the determination of how the Miccosukee Tribe compensates its members for the use of their lands, to the exclusion of any other federal agency, including the Internal Revenue Service.

Lower court materials here.

News Coverage of Indian Law Issues [McGirt, etc.]

NYTs: “Tribes’ Victory in Oklahoma at Risk in Bold Request to the Supreme Court

The Conversation: “The disturbing history of how conservatorships were used to exploit, swindle Native Americans”

CapTimes: “Q&A: UW Law student Michael Williams aims to help tribes with pursuit of law

New Republic: “Oklahoma Wants a Supreme Court Do-Over on Tribal Sovereignty

E&E News Greenwire: “How a big Alaska fishing case hooked a solicitor nominee”

Oklahoma v. Bosse Cert Petition

Here:

Questions presented:

1. Whether a State may impose procedural or equitable bars to postconviction relief on the claim that the State lacked prosecutorial authority because the crime of conviction occurred in Indian country.

2. Whether a State has authority to prosecute non-Indians who commit crimes against Indians in Indian country.

3. Whether McGirt v. Oklahoma, 140 S. Ct. 2452 (2020), should be overruled.

Lower court materials here.

Denezpi v. United States — Cert Petition re: CFR Courts as Federal Courts

Here is the petition and appendix:

Cert Petition

Appendix

Lower court materials here.

Question presented:

Is the Court of Indian Offenses of Ute Mountain Ute Agency a federal agency such that Merle Denezpi’s conviction in that court barred his subsequent prosecution in a United States District Court for a crime arising out of the same incident?

Update:

Federal Opposition Brief

SCOTUS Denies Cert in Two Indian Law Cases

Here is today’s order list.

Here are the cert petitions in the two denied cases, Phillips v. Oneida Indian Nation and Pierson v. Hudson Insurance Company (Pierson Cert Petition).